What is Dyslexia?
Dyslexia is a neurological learning disability caused by a difference in the way the brain is wired to understand the speech sounds that make up words and then pair those with their written letter patterns. Dyslexia is NOT related to a person's IQ.
About 20% of people worldwide are born with dyslexia.
A DYSLEXIC CHILD...
- has difficulty rhyming words
- reverses or leaves off sounds
- struggles to remember letters & sounds
- has difficulty decoding & spelling words
3rd - 6th
- guesses at unknown words
- reads choppy and/or slowly
- uses simple, easy-to-spell words
Middle / High school
- is uncomfortable reading out loud
- has to read multiple times to make sense of what is read
- avoids writing tasks
How is Dyslexia Treated?
Structured literacy (Orton-Gillingham) is the "gold standard" for dyslexia treatment and has been scientifically backed by more than three decades of research from The National Institutes of Health.
Not only is structured literacy the only effective method to help struggling readers and writers, but overall, it is also the best way to teach the foundations of literacy to all students.